COVID-19: Government broke law by awarding coronavirus contract to firm with links to Dominic Cummings, High Court rules


The government broke the law by handing a coronavirus contract to an associate of ministers and the prime minister’s former chief aide, a judge has ruled.

In a judgment on Wednesday, the High Court deemed the awarding of the £560,000 arrangement to communications agency Public First, which has connections with cabinet minister Michael Gove and Dominic Cummings, was “unlawful”.

The case also concluded that there was “an apparent bias” surrounding the agreement.

Outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in London
Dominic Cummings, special advisor for Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves his home in London, following the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), London, Britain, May 29, 2020. REUTERS/John Sibley
Dominic Cummings denied any wrongdoing in a written statement submitted to the judge

It was brought forward by The Good Law Project, a not-for-profit campaign organisation, who questioned the decision to pay the large sum of taxpayers’ money to the firm following the start of the coronavirus crisis in March 2020.

They also questioned the role of the PM’s former chief adviser Mr Cummings in the awarding of the agreement.

A Cabinet Office spokesman said: “The judgment makes clear that there was no suggestion of actual bias and that the decision to award the contract was not due to any personal or professional connections.”

Ministers had previous disputed The Good Law Project’s claim, saying that Mr Cummings – who left his Downing Street position in late 2020 – had made a recommendation regarding the agency, not a decision.

In a post on social media following the judgment, Mr Cummings said: “Court is telling SW1: even in a crisis like a once-a-century pandemic, your real focus shd ALWAYS be the paper trail. This is already a hugely destructive problem & today’s judgment will make it even worse. If covid doesn’t justify focus on outcome>process, nothing will.”

The judgment states: “The claimant [The Good Law Project] is entitled to a declaration that the Decision of 5 June 2020 to award the Contract to Public First gave rise to apparent bias and was unlawful.

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attends a news conference following a meeting with NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg (not seen) at Downing Street in London, Britain June 2, 2021. Justin Tallis/Pool vi REUTERS
Boris Johnson’s government has been accused of ‘cronyism’ over the awarding of contracts by Labour

“Following hand down of this judgment, the hearing will be adjourned to a date to be fixed for the purpose of any consequential matters, including any applications for permission to appeal, and any time limits are extended until such hearing or further order.”

The Good Law Project’s representative, Barrister Jason Coppel QC, said: “Public First was awarded this contract because Dominic Cummings wanted Public First to have this contract.”

Mr Coppel also suggested Cabinet Office minister Mr Gove had connections to the owners of Public First, Rachel Wolfe and James Frayne.

Michael Bowsher QC, part of the Cabinet Office legal team, said Mr Gove had “professional and personal” connections with Ms Wolfe and Mr Frayne but denied the contract awarded to Public First was made on the basis of this.

He added that the Cabinet Office minister did not have any involvement in the decision or influence it in any way.

The government won two out of the three grounds which related to how the contract was awarded and the length of the contract, but lost on “apparent bias”.

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attends a news conference following a meeting with NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg (not seen) at Downing Street in London, Britain June 2, 2021. Justin Tallis/Pool vi REUTERS
Boris Johnson’s government has been accused of ‘cronyism’ over the awarding of contracts by Labour

A Cabinet Office spokesman said: “We welcome the court’s ruling that we were entitled to award the contract on grounds of extreme urgency in response to an unprecedented global pandemic.

“The judge recognised the very complex circumstances at the height of the pandemic and that failure to provide effective communications would have put public health at risk.”

He added: “Procedural issues raised in this judgment have already been addressed through the implementation of the independent Boardman review of procurement processes.”

Labour’s deputy leader Angela Rayner accused said the judgment shows the government has acted “immorally and unethically”.

“We all know that the Government has acted immorally and unethically, and now a judge has confirmed that yet again the Government acted unlawfully in handing out contracts to their mates.

“In the middle of a deadly pandemic not only were those at the heart of government giving out taxpayers’ money to their friends and associates, they have wasted even more trying to cover it up.

“Ministers need to come clean about how they plan to recoup this cash, as well as the billions of pounds dished out to Tory donors and for duff PPE that wasn’t safe,” she said.

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Matt Hancock only recently declared shares in a family-owned healthcare firm, Topwood, that had been doing business with the NHS.

A spokesman for Public First said: “The judge made no criticism whatsoever of Public First anywhere in the judgment.”

Mr Cummings did not give evidence at the hearing but outlined his position in a written witness statement which was handed to the judge.

He said ministers had to act speedily in the awarding of contracts due to the severity of the pandemic, and due to this, the agreement was “entirely justified”.

Responding to the judgment, Jo Maugham, director of the Good Law Project, said: “This is not government for the public good – it is Government for the good of friends of the Conservative Party.

“We just don’t understand how the prime minister can run a Cabinet that acts without proper regard for the law or value for public money.

“Government has claimed there was no favouritism in the awarding of contracts. But the High Court has held an informed observer would conclude otherwise.”

Nurses from the special needs ward have been drafted in to help
Ministers say they had to gather equipment speedily due to the seriousness of the pandemic

A spokesman for Public First said: “We’re deeply proud of the work we did in the early stages of the pandemic, which helped save lives.

“The judge rejected most of the Good Law Project’s claims, not finding actual bias in the awarding of this work, nor any problems with the pace or scale of the award.

“Rather, the judge found that weak internal processes gave rise to the appearance of bias.”

In December 2020, the government published two reports by Nigel Boardman into procurement activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Ministers have adopted the recommendations Mr Boardman made in the reports.

But Labour has repeatedly called on the government to publish all communications between ministers and their contacts in business who won contracts during the coronavirus pandemic.


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